UMass CSSA油麦地社区's Archiver

together 发表于 2008-12-17 03:18 PM

纽约州又要增税了....汗

<P>这么一来偶要彻底打消搬去NYC住的念头了。。。。</P>
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<P>纽约报纸今天的头条,好像要多加好多好多税,还有什么肥胖税加在饮料里。苛捐杂税啊。。。。。<IMG alt="" src="http://www.umasscssa.org/forum/images/smilies/yangcongtou/han.gif" border=0 smilieid="89"> </P>
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<DIV id=textstyle_4 style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; OVERFLOW: hidden; WORD-BREAK: break-all; TEXT-INDENT: 24px; WORD-WRAP: break-word">NYTimes<BR>Paterson Proposes Austere Budget to Close Deficit<BR>By DANNY HAKIM<BR><BR>ALBANY — The Paterson administration, working to close the largest deficit in state history, unveiled an austerity budget on Tuesday that would include 137 new or increased taxes and fees, loosened restrictions on gambling and $9 billion worth of spending cuts.<BR><BR>Education would be particularly hard-hit, with an actual cut of $700 million in state aid in the next fiscal year, not just a reduction in projected spending growth. Increased aid for operating expenses and pre-kindergarten, which had been expected as part of a settlement in a long-running lawsuit, would be delayed by four years under the plan. Tuition at the State University of New York and the City University of New York would also be increased.<BR><BR>Medicaid spending would rise by about 1 percent under the plan, although the projected spending for hospitals, nursing homes and other health care providers would be cut by more than $1 billion.<BR><BR>Gov. David A. Paterson’s spending plan also calls for closing or merging seven smaller state agencies, eliminating property-tax rebate checks, curtailing general municipal aid to New York City and closing 13 prison camps or detention centers.<BR><BR>The governor, addressing the Legislature, acknowledged that getting lawmakers to pass his budget would not be easy.<BR><BR>“The other day somebody threw a pair of shoes at President Bush,” he said. “At the end of this budget presentation, if that’s the most severe punishment I get, I’ll sign for it now.”<BR><BR>New York City would be hit hard by the proposal, which would eliminate more than $600 million in general purpose aid over the next two years on top of reductions in education aid.<BR><BR>Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg said the budget cuts would deprive the city of about $1 billion, potentially forcing him to order layoffs beyond the 500 he has already announced. “We can’t print money,” he said. “At some point, there is only labor left.”<BR><BR>Mr. Bloomberg, who took pains to praise the governor for “acting responsibly,” nevertheless criticized him for cuts that he said would affect New York City disproportionately.<BR><BR>Some Democrats said the budget plan would weigh too heavily on poor and middle-class New Yorkers by ending property tax rebates and increasing licensing fees for a wide variety of workers with modest incomes, including barbers, bail enforcement agents, home inspectors, notaries public, manicurists and cosmetologists. Republicans said there were too many tax increases.<BR><BR>Loosened restrictions on gambling would allow more retailers to sell Quick Draw tickets, expanded hours at gambling facilities across the state and the installation of hundreds of video slot machines at the Belmont Park racetrack on Long Island, a controversial plan opposed by Assembly Democrats.<BR><BR>The total state budget, including federal matching funds, would be $121.1 billion. Spending of state funds would increase by only half a percent under the plan, a turnabout from years of spending rates well above the rate of inflation.<BR><BR>Mr. Paterson’s plan would close a $15.4 billion deficit for the balance of the fiscal year that ends on March 31, and the next fiscal year. He is introducing his budget more than a month early as the state grapples with twin calamities — the collapse of Wall Street, its main financial engine, and a deepening recession.<BR><BR>Mr. Paterson’s budget is sure to touch off a contentious fight with the Legislature, which must approve it, and with labor unions across the state that have strong ties to lawmakers. Negotiations will be hampered because no clear leader has emerged to guide the Senate next year after elections last month left Democrats with a narrow majority in the chamber.<BR><BR>“We simply cannot raise taxes when our economy is struggling,” said Dean G. Skelos, the current Senate majority leader and a Long Island Republican. “The governor’s budget does not appear to include any plans to create new jobs and strengthen our economy.”<BR><BR>The Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, a Democrat, was more supportive, pointing out that education and health care constituted more than half of the budget.<BR><BR>“There is no way we can address a deficit of the magnitude that we are facing without finding savings in those two major areas,” he said.<BR><BR>While there were no broad-based income tax increases, there were all manner of new taxes, fees, fines or other assessments, expected to raise $4 billion next year.<BR><BR>The tax proposals are likely to touch almost every New Yorker in some way. The most notable new tax is an 18 percent levy on sugary soft drinks. But many other existing taxes would increase. The tax on car rentals would rise to 6 percent from 5 percent. Taxes on beer and wine would more than double. Taxes on gasoline, cable and satellite TV service, cigars and flavored malt beverages would also go up. And the cost of owning and operating a car would rise significantly, with 16 fee increases. The governor also proposed allowing wine sales in grocery stores and <A href="http://huaren.us/rd/rd.asp?hrtopic_id=1&amp;hrurl=http://drugstore.com" target=new><FONT color=#1864d7>drug store</FONT></A>s, which is expected to raise $105 million in the next fiscal year, mostly through licensing fees.<BR><BR>While the plan did not include an income tax increase for the wealthy, an idea pushed by Assembly Democrats, the state expects to raise $120 million next year by limiting the amount that millionaires can deduct from their state taxes.<BR><BR>Unions braced for a battle.<BR><BR>“Kids did not create this crisis, and they should not bear the burden of it,” said Randi Weingarten, president of the United Federation of Teachers, the New York City teachers’ union.<BR><BR>In a joint statement, George Gresham, the president of 1199 S.E.I.U. United Healthcare Workers East, and Kenneth E. Raske, president of the Greater New York Hospital Association, said, “Today is a dark day for health care in New York.” They added, “These are staggering cuts that would shatter New York’s health care infrastructure.”<BR><BR>Mr. Paterson, for his part, said his plan sought shared sacrifice and included reductions across virtually every area of government.<BR><BR>“Adjusting our state budget to reflect this new fiscal environment will be an extraordinary challenge,” Mr. Paterson said. His budget, he added, would begin “the difficult process of fundamentally re-evaluating both how we manage government and what the state can afford to spend in a time of plummeting revenue.”<BR><BR>Michael Barbaro and Jeremy W. Peters contributed reporting.. <BR></DIV>

together 发表于 2008-12-17 03:18 PM

中文版

駕照申請漲價 醫療補助砍35億 教育經費刪24億

紐約州長帕特生16日宣布2009至2010年度1210億元的州府財政預算提案,州府將在15個領域大刪經費,預計可省下137億元,醫療補助、房星計畫(STAR Rebate Program)的經費皆大幅刪減,向汽車監理所(DMV)申請駕照等16項申請費用也將調漲。預算中並提出88項新增、漲稅項目,包括下載音樂到iPod的「iPod稅」。
2009預算案教育和高等教育刪減幅度最受紐約市民關注,教育方面將刪減20億元,有關州政府教育資助(School Aid)的經費與今年相比,減少6億9000萬元,教育經費的總投入也相應減少了9億3700萬元。而在高等教育方面將刪減3億3800萬元,紐約州立和市立大學明年將調漲學費約14%,分別為620元和600元。

根據往年的慣例,紐約州長都是在每年1月宣布新年度的財政預算,但今年經濟不景氣,帕特生提前5周提出年度預算。根據預算報告,醫療補助經費的刪減幅度最大,達35億元,主要針對醫療保險、醫院和社區服務、公共保健行動(Public Health Actions)、療養院(Nursing Homes)4部分。其中醫療保險減少經費8億5530萬元,醫院補助刪減經費6億9970萬元,公共保健行動減少5億2590萬元,療養院減少經費4億2020萬元。

州府將在房星計畫方面刪減17億元,其中重大改革包括計劃取消目前的STAR退款,僅這1項就將省下14億元;另外紐約市給予納稅人個人所得抵扣(personal income tax credit)的金額也將降低,對於已婚的夫婦,從原本的290元降低到125元,單身從145元降低到62.5元。

此外,州府也計劃在地方政府、精神保健、環境和能源、人力服務、經濟發展、州政府人員編制、樂透、公共安全、交通等方面不同程度的刪減經費。

預算中也提出88項新稅收或漲稅項目,包括對含糖汽水等飲料徵收18%的「肥胖稅」(obesity tax)、租車稅由5%增加至6%、啤酒和酒類飲料的稅將漲1倍。另外汽油、有線電視、衛星電視、電台服務、雪茄等徵稅也將增加。取消房地產退稅、110元以下衣、鞋免稅等福利。

該預算如果通過,將於2009年3月1日實行,2009年4月1日則標誌著新財政預算年度的開始。

Sherry 发表于 2008-12-17 03:57 PM

居然还有肥胖税??

满弓刀 发表于 2008-12-17 04:22 PM

肥胖税。。哈哈哈哈

together 发表于 2008-12-17 04:27 PM

偶也觉得那个肥胖税非常搞笑,咔咔咔

Muggle 发表于 2008-12-17 05:08 PM

::numa ::numa 太可恶了太可恶了。。不让人活了。。 好像说是transportation也要加税,啤酒,还有cable啥的,唉。。 还有,110块以下衣服鞋子在NYC原来是免税的,我们这儿4.xx,现在可能要回到4和8.xx。。::tu 肥胖税我倒赞成,更有理由逼某人戒coke了。。
俺以后去NJCT逛去,人家那里油还便宜!
PS. 特特你咋想着去NYC住哇?我觉得吵都不够吵的,呵呵。。又贵。。 倒是好吃的多。。

Muggle 发表于 2008-12-17 05:09 PM

对了特特,NYC住的,income tax还多。。::kuangma

together 发表于 2008-12-17 06:32 PM

去纽约住从来就只是一个随便的想法,if偶不用commute的话,可惜偶最讨厌commute,所以还是小城市呆着吧。。。。::shiwang

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